A Vision of Life That Goes Beyond “Man”

The concept of Vision life is one of the 반값택배 most contested topics among biologists, scientists and philosophers of science. In this reflection, I wish to offer an alternative vision of life, which takes as its starting point the traits common to all living things. This vision focuses on the concept of Autopoiesis, Self-reproduction, Self-organising chemistry and Darwinian evolution.


Sylvia Wynter’s theory of autopoiesis has been applied to human life for over 40 years. Her ambitious and epochal project is to formulate a new account of the human person that goes beyond “Man.” Christian western philosophy has defined “Man” as a single, universal form of human life. This definition shapes and organizes the modern world order. Sylvia Wynter’s use of autopoiesis has political implications. For example, her argument challenges the legitimacy of secularism, a system that depends on religious distinctions.

The concept of autopoiesis is a way to view life’s inherent logic. It points to the mutually-embedded components of an organism that operate in tandem for the production and maintenance of the whole. Hence, autopoiesis is the counter-force of entropy.


Self-reproduction in life is a process in which an organism reproduces itself. It is cyclical in nature and is the most fundamental feature of all living systems. It is a dynamic process, and its first phase is not well understood. However, it plays a crucial role in the entire cycle.

Vision of Life Self-organising chemistry

Self-organising chemistry in life is the emergence of information-directed functional structures at different scales. This issue of Biochemistry and Cell Biology explores recent progress in this area and identifies challenges ahead. Contributions in this issue cover molecular self-organization, whole cell self-organization, and the physical and evolutionary implications of self-organising circuits. Each article addresses the questions of self-organisation from a different angle.

Self-organising systems exhibit nonlinear coupling of reactions and spontaneous pattern formation. These properties are essential for robustness and adaptability in cellular and organismal organization, and are the foundation of natural selection.

Vision of Life Darwinian evolution

The origin of life is understood through Darwinian evolution, which requires the formation of biological information and structure. While the existence of various prebiotic structures can generate the necessary conditions for life, these structures are not enough to define life. A new concept called the Initial Darwinian Ancestor (IDA) is proposed. It acts as a template for the replication of genuine 5′-5′ NAD. By doing this, it facilitates the replication of 5′-3′ RNA and formation of ribozymes.

The theory of evolution has many implications and Darwin developed many theories about its origin. These theories were based on direct observations made during his travels around the world. Between 1831 and 1836, he joined the British science expedition HMS Beagle, making stops in South America, Australia, and the southern tip of Africa. On his voyage, he studied the local animals and plants.

Sign-mediated interactions between non-related organisms

Sign-mediated interactions are processes in which two or more organisms communicate with one another. These interactions are often rule-governed and take place between cells, tissues, and organs. The mechanisms used to communicate vary considerably between different organisms. However, in many cases, one organism will communicate with another via a single signal.

Among bacteria, these interactions are governed by rules that specify the nature and amount of signals sent by each organism. These signals are typically chemical molecules, although other methods of communication, such as tactile interactions, may also be used. These interactions allow bacteria to coordinate their behavior and respond to environmental factors similar to those found in multicellular organisms. They can help to maintain host health and prevent infection, and they can also cause disease. For example, bacteria serve as hosts for several viruses, including those that cause diseases.

Self-sustaining chemical system

The chemistry of life is the key to its emergence, growth, and maintenance. Biological cells are self-sustaining chemical systems that produce the components needed for repair and reproduction. They can even act as autonomous robots and create copies of themselves. However, unlike autonomous robots, living systems are not designed by humans, but have developed over billions of years through chemical reactions.

NASA defines life as a self-sustaining chemical system composed of molecules that reproduce, store information, and produce energy. It is able to adapt to the environment and survive by natural selection.

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